Anemia is a condition that occurs when the body does not have enough healthy red blood cells to carry enough oxygen to the organs and tissues. Anemia occurs when there is a decrease in the number of red blood cells in the circulation. It usually occurs when the body’s ability to produce healthy red blood cells is affected due to other diseases, or when abnormal red blood cell destruction or loss is increased. Anemia affects about 24.8% of the world’s population. Preschool children are most at risk, and it is estimated that 47% of those in this age group worldwide develop anemia.
What is anemia?
The answer to the question of what is anemia: It can be given as a condition that occurs when there is not enough healthy red blood cell or hemoglobin in the blood. Hemoglobin is the molecule responsible for the transport of oxygen, found in red blood cells. If there are very few or abnormal red blood cells in the body, or if the structure of the hemoglobin is abnormal or low in amount, symptoms of anemia occur. Symptoms of anemia such as fatigue and weakness develop as a result of insufficient oxygen delivery to the body tissues.
What causes anemia?
The body needs red blood cells to survive. The structure of red blood cells includes hemoglobin, a complex protein that contains iron molecules. Hemoglobin molecules carry oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Anemia occurs when there are not enough red blood cells in the blood. Some diseases and conditions can cause a decrease in the number of red blood cells. There are many types of anemia and not a single cause. It can sometimes be difficult to pinpoint the exact cause. So what causes anemia? The causes of anemia can be listed as follows:
Not enough red blood cells can be produced in the body
Increased loss of red blood cells due to bleeding
Destruction of red blood cells in the body in a shorter time than usual
Different types of anemia have different causes. Some of the causes related to the types of anemia include:
Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia.
- Iron deficiency anemia is caused by iron deficiency in the body. The red blood cells in the bone marrow need iron to make the hemoglobin they need. Without enough iron, the hemoglobin needed for the production of red blood cells cannot be produced. This type of anemia occurs in many pregnant women who do not take iron supplements. In addition, heavy menstrual bleeding, stomach ulcers and cancer can cause iron deficiency anemia.
- Anemia due to Vitamin deficiency: besides iron, the body needs folate and vitamin B12 to produce enough healthy red blood cells. A diet lacking these vitamins can lead to reduced red blood cell production. Also, some people who take enough B12 have trouble absorbing the vitamin in their intestines. This absorption disorder can lead to vitamin B12 deficiency anemia, also known as pernicious anemia.
- Chronic disease anemia: cancer, HIV / AIDS, rheumatoid arthritis, kidney disease, crohn’s disease, such as some inflammatory diseases, can block the production of red blood cells.
- Aplastic anemia: aplastic anemia is a rare but life-threatening type of anemia. It occurs when the body does not produce enough red blood cells. Causes of aplastic anemia include infections, certain drugs, autoimmune diseases, and exposure to toxic chemicals.
- Anemia due to bone marrow disease: various diseases such as leukemia and myelofibrosis in the bone marrow, affecting blood cell formation can cause a variety of. The effects of these types of cancers and cancer-like disorders can be mild or life-threatening.
- Hemolytic anemias: hemolytic anemias occur when the destruction of red blood cells is faster than its production. Some blood diseases increase red blood cell destruction. Hemolytic anemia may be inherited from parents or may occur later.
- Sickle cell anemia: sickle cell anemia is a hereditary type of hemolytic anemia. It is caused by a faulty form of hemoglobin, which results in abnormal sickle formation of red blood cells. These abnormally shaped blood cells die ahead of time. This leads to chronic deficiency of red blood cells.
How is anemia treated?
There are several methods used to treat anemia. All of them aim to increase the number of red blood cells. This increases the amount of oxygen the blood carries. Treatment depends on the type and cause of anemia.
Hashimoto’s and Anemia?
There are many minerals that are important for thyroid hormone metabolism. Iodine and selenium are two of the minerals that are well known to be associated with thyroid hormone production. However, iron deficiency can also lead to impaired thyroid hormone synthesis by reducing the activity of the heme-dependent thyroid peroxidase enzyme. Although the immune system is responsible for low thyroid hormones in a patient with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and demic deficiency anemia, low iron levels may play a role here.
Iron deficiency can directly affect thyroid hormone levels, as well as other factors that cause autoimmune thyroid disease can lead to iron deficiency. The H. we mentioned earlier. Pylori infection can trigger thyroid autoimmune as well as reduce iron absorption. If you have a history of thyroid problems, you may need a blood iron test.